ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā - Volume 1 > Various Traditions From al-Ridha (s)
Hadith #34

34 - حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زِيادِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْهَمَذانيّ رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا عَلِىُّ بْنُ إِبراهِيمِ بْنِ هاشِمٍ، عَنْ ياسِرٍ الخادِمِ، قالَ: سَأَلَ بَعْضُ الْقُوَّادِ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ عَنْ أَكْلِ الطِّينِ وَقَالَ إِنَّ بَعْضَ جَوَارِيهِ يَأْكُلْنَ الطِّينَ فَغَضِبَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَكْلُ الطِّينِ حَرَامٌ مِثْلُ الْمَيْتَةِ وَالدَّمِ وَلَحْمِ الْخِنْزِيرِ فَانْهَهُنَّ عَنْ ذَلِكَ.قالَ: وَحَدَّثَني ياسِرٌ قالَ: كانَ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ إِذا رَجَعَ يَوْمَ الجُمُعَةِ مِنَ الجامِعِ وَقَد أَصابَهُ العَرَقُ وَالغُبارُ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ وَقالَ: (اَللَّهُمَّ إِن كانَ فَرَجي مِمَّا أَنَا فِيهِ بِالمَوتِ فَعَجِّلهُ إِلى السَّاعَةَ) وَلَمْ يَزَل مَغْمُوماً مَكرُوباً إِلى أَن قُبِضَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ.قالَ ياسِرُ: وَكُتِبَ مِن نِيْسابُورَ إِلى الْمَأمُونِ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مِنَ الَمجُوسِ أَوْصى‏ عِنْدَ مَوْتِه بِمالٍ جَلِيلٍ يُفَرِّقُ فِي الفُقَراءِ وَالمَساكِينَ فَفَرَّقَهُ قاضي نَيسابُورَ عَلَى فُقَراءِ الْمُسْلِمِين، فَقالَ الْمَأمُون لِلرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: يا سَيِّدي ما تَقُولُ فِي ذلِكَ؟ فَقالَ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: إِنَّ الَمجُوسَ لا يَتَصَدَّقُونَ عَلَى فُقَراءِ الْمُسْلِمِين، فَاكتُب إِلَيْهِ أَن يَخْرُجَ بِقَدرِ ذلِكَ مِن صَدَقاتِ المُسْلِمِينَ، فَيَتَصَدَّقَ بِهِ عَلَى فُقَراءِ الَمجُوسِ؛ وَقالَ عَلِىُّ بْنُ إِبراهِيمِ بْنِ هاشِمٍ: وَحَدَّثَني ياسِرٌ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنِ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ بِأَحادِيثَ كَثِيرةٍ لَمْ أذكُرها لانِّي سَمِعتُها مُنْذُ دَهْرٍ.

30-34 Ahmad ibn Ziyad ibn Ja’far al-Hamadani - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashem quoted on the authority of his father, on the authority of Yasir - the servant, “One of the chiefs of the army asked Abul Hassan Al-Ridha (s) about eating mud. He said that some of his servants eat mud. The Imam (s) got really upset and said, ‘It is forbidden to eat mud, just as it is to eat dead flesh, blood, and pork. Admonish them not to eat mud.’”Ali ibn Ibrahim said, “Yasir narrated that once on a Friday when Al-Ridha (s) was returning from the mosque, he (s) raised up his hands to the heavens and said, “O my God! If my release from this bond is only possible by my death, please expedite it.” The Imam (s) lived sadly until he (s) perished.Yasir said, “They wrote a letter to Al-Ma’mun from Neishaboor stating that a Magus had died and willed that a portion of his wealth be given to the poor and the needy, and the judge in Neishaboor had divided it up among the poor Muslim people as charity. Al-Ma’mun asked Al-Ridha (s), “O my Master! What do you think about this?” Al-Ridha (s) said, “A Magus would not give any charity to the poor Muslims. Write a letter to the judge ordering him to take as much money from the state treasury as he had taken from the inheritance of the Magi and given in charity to the poor Muslims. Then he should give that money to poor Magi in the form of charity.” Ali ibn Ibrahim added, “Yasir and others have narrated a lot of traditions on the authority of Al-Ridha (s), but I have forgotten most of them since a great deal of time has passed by.”