ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā - Volume 1 > On Rare Traditions From al-Ridha About Various Issues
Hadith #9

9 - حَدَّثَنا أَبي رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ إِدْرِيس قالَ: حَدَّثَني مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ عِمْران الأَشْعَرِيِّ قالَ: حَدَّثَني سَهْلِ بْنِ زِياد، عَن الحارِثِ بْنِ الدلهاث مَوْلى‏ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الحَسَن‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ يَقُولُ لا يَكُون المؤمن مُؤْمِنا حَتّى‏ يَكُون فِيهِ ثَلاثَ خصال سِنَةَ من رَبَّهُ و سِنَةَ من نَبِيِّهِ وَسِنَةَ من وَلِيِّهِ فالسنة من رَبَّهُ كتمان سره قالَ اللَّه عَزَّ وَجَلَّ (عالِمُ الْغَيْبِ فَلا يُظْهِرُ عَلى غَيْبِهِ أَحَداً إِلامَنِ ارْتَضى مِنْ رَسُولٍ).وَأَمَّا السنة من نَبِيِّهِ فمداراة النَّاسِ فَإِنَّ اللَّه عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَمْر نَبِيِّهِ‏ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ بمداراة النَّاسِ فَقالَ (خُذِ الْعَفْوَوَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْعَنِ الْجاهِلِينَ) أما السنة من وَلِيِّهِ فالصبر فِي البأساء وَالضراء فَإِنَّ اللَّه عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ (وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْساءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ).

26-9 (The author of the book narrated) my father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Ahmad ibn Idris quoted on the authority of Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Imran al-Ash’ari, on the authority of Sahl ibn Ziyad, on the authority of al-Harith ibn al-Dalhath - a servant of Al-Ridha (s) that he had heard Abul Hassan Al-Ridha (s) say, “One cannot be a true believer unless he possesses the following three traits - one from his Lord, one from his Prophet and one from his Imam. The one from his Lord is guarding secrets as the Honorable the Exalted God said, ‘He (alone) knows the Unseen, nor does He make anyone acquainted with his Mysteries, except an Apostle whom He has chosen. ’ However, the one from the Prophet is kind treatment with people, as the Honorable the Exalted God has ordered His Prophet (s) to treat the people with kindness and patience and said, ‘Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; but turn away from the ignorant.’ And the one from the Imams (s) is patience and perseverance during times of hardship and calamities. The Honorable the Exalted God says, ‘…and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, …’ “