ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā - Volume 1 > On Rare Traditions From al-Ridha About Various Issues
Hadith #8

8 - حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِىِّ بْنِ بَشَّار رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا أَبُو الفَرَج المُظَفَّر بْنِ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الحَسَن القزويني قالَ أَخْبَرنا أَبُو الفَضْلِ العَبَّاسِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ القاسمبن حَمْزَة بْنِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرحَدَّثَني الحَسَن بْنِ سَهْل القُمِّيّ، عَن مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حامِدٍ، عَن أَبي هاشِمِ الجَعْفَرِيِّ، عَن أَبي الحَسَن‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ سألته عَنِ الصَّلاة عَلَى المَصلُوبِ، قالَ أما عَلِمْتَ أَن جَدِّي‏ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ صَلَّى عَلَى عَمِّهِ، قُلْتُ أَعْلَمُ ذلِكَ وَلكِنِّي لَمْ أَفهَمهُ مُبيناً قالَ: نُبَيِّنَهُ لَكَ إِنْ كانَ وَجْهَ المَصلُوبِ إِلى القِبْلَةَ، فَقُم عَلَى مَنكِبَهِ الأَيمَنِ، وَإِنْ كانَ قَفاؤُهُ إِلى القِبْلَةَ، فَقُم عَلَى مَنكِبِهِ الأَيسَرِ، فَإِنَّ ما بَيْنِ المَشرِقِ وَالمَغْرِبِ قِبلَة وَإِن مَنكِبِه الأَيسَر إِلى القِبْلَةَ، فَقُم عَلَى مَنكِبِه الأَيمَن وَإِنْ كانَ مَنكِبِه الأَيمَن إِلى القِبْلَةَ، فَقُم عَلَى مَنكِبِه الأَيسَر وَكَيْفَ كانَ مُنحَرِفاً فَلا تَزايِلَنَّ مَناكِبِهُ، وَليَكُن وَجهُكَ إِلى ما بَيْنِ المَشرِقِ وَالمَغرِبِ، وَلا تَستَقبِلهُ وَلا تَستَدبِرهُ البَتَّةَ. قالَ أَبُو هاشِم: ثُمَّ قالَ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ قَدْ فَهِمتَ إِن شاءَ اللَّه.قالَ مُصَنِّفُ هذا الْكِتاب‏رحمه الله هذا حَدِيثٌ غَريبٌ لَمْ أَجِدهُ فِي شَي‏ءٍ مِنَ الاُصُولِ وَالمُصَنَّفاتِ وَلا أَعرِفُهُ إِلاّ بِهذَا الإسناد.

26-8 Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Bashshar - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Abul Faraj al-Mudhaffar ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Hassan al-Qazvini quoted on the authority of Abul Fadhl Al-Abbas ibn Muhammad ibn Al-Qasim ibn Hamza ibn Musa ibn Ja’far (s), on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Sahl al-Qumi, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Hamid, on the authority of Abi Hashem al-Ja’fari, “I asked Abil Hassan (s) about the reward of praying for one who is hung? The Imam (s) said, Don’t you know that my grandfather (s) prayed for his uncle (Zayd)? I said, I know this, but cannot clearly understand how. The Imam (s) said, I will explain it to you. If the face of the hanged person is towards the Qibla, you should stand on the side of his right shoulder. If his back is towards the Qibla you should stand on the side of his left shoulder. Whichever way he is facing, you should not stand away from his shoulders. Your face should be in between the East and the West. You should neither face him, nor should you have him at your back.” Abu Hashem added, “Then Al-Ridha (s) said, God willing, you understood!”The author of this book (Sheikh Sadooq) - may God have Mercy upon him - said, “This is a strange tradition which I have not found anywhere else. I have not found any other narrations of this tradition.”